Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, or waking up too early and not being able to go back to sleep. Insomnia can be caused by a variety of factors, including stress, anxiety, depression, chronic pain, medications, caffeine, and lifestyle habits like irregular sleep schedules or too much screen time.
The treatment for insomnia depends on the underlying cause of the sleep disorder. In some cases, treating the underlying medical condition or making lifestyle changes can improve sleep quality. However, when insomnia persists, behavioral therapies and medication can be effective in treating the disorder.
Behavioral therapies include cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) . CBT-I aims to restructure one's relationship negative thoughts and attitudes about sleep, and teaches relaxation techniques and good sleep hygiene practices.
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